Analysis of leech therapy effects in patients with chronic apical periodontitis

Abdullaeva AI, Prityko AG, Voronin PA, Mikhailova EG
About authors

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed: Aitan I. Abdullaeva
Ostrovityanova, 1, Moscow, 117997; ur.tsil@aknatia

About paper

Compliance with ethical standards: the study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (Protocol № 947 dated February 4, 2019). Informed consent was obtained from all study participants.

Author contribution: Abdullaeva AI — literature and experimental data analysis, experimental data analysis; Prityko AG — experimental data analysis, experimental data analysis; Voronin PA — statistical analysis, manuscript revision; Mikhailova EG — statistical analysis, manuscript revision.

Received: 2020-05-01 Accepted: 2020-05-15 Published online: 2020-05-18

Chronic apical periodontitis (CAP) is characterized by tissue inflammation around the tooth tip. Unstable outcomes of current treatments against CAP dictate the need for novel therapeutic techniques and medications. The aim of this study was to analyzed the effects of hirudotherapy on the treatment course in patients with CAP. Forty-one study participants aged 25 to 40 years were divided into the main group (20 patients) and the control group (21 patients). Pain level and the gingival index (GI) were measured in all study participants. During the first visit, pain scores did not differ significantly between the control (5.81 ± 0.65) and the main (5.75 ± 0.92) groups. During the second visit, pain was almost unnoticeable in the main group patients (1.05 ± 0.34), whereas pain scores were higher in the control group (4.10 ± 0.7). Our findings suggest a positive effect of hirudotherapy used in combination with standard treatment regimens.

Keywords: inflammation, pain, hirudotherapy, chronic apical periodontitis