The importance of post-stroke rehabilitation cannot be overestimated. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a standardized post-stroke rehabilitation program for patients with moderate impairments. A total of 122 stroke survivors participated in the study. Group 1 (the comparison group) consisted of 59 patients undergoing standard rehabilitation. Group 2 (the main group) consisted of 63 patients participating in a specially designed social rehabilitation program. The functional, cognitive, psychological and emotional states and the level of social activity were monitored for 6 months. Group 2 demonstrated more pronounced improvement than group 1 after 6 months of follow-up, confirmed by higher Rivermead (p = 0.011) and SS-QOL (p < 0.05) scores and lower DASH and Beck scores (p = 0.015 and p < 0.001, respectively). In both groups, MMSE (cognitive function) scores slightly increased, but the differences between the groups were insignificant. The proposed post-stroke rehabilitation program is effective in helping patients regain their independence and improve social adaptation. The scales and scores used in the study, especially DASH and SS-QOL, are sensitive to changes in the functional state of stroke survivors with moderate impairments.
VIEWS 84
A new coronavirus infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which appeared in December 2019, has claimed the lives of 2.5 million people in almost a year. The high contagiousness of this virus has led to its wide and rapid spread around the world. As of February 2021, the total number of cases is 111 million people; more than 4 million cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection have been registered in the Russian Federation. To successfully combat the emerging pandemic, it is necessary to quickly diagnose the disease at an early stage, which will prevent the further spread of this virus and prescribe the necessary treatment on time. The aim of the work was to evaluate the use of the SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid antigen (N-Ag) and respective antibodies as diagnostic markers in pneumonia patients. The study was conducted at the height of COVID-19 pandemic in Moscow, Russia. It included 425 emergency patients with clinical signs of COVID-19 pneumonia, of which 280 (66%) were positive for either serum N-Ag and/or its respective antibodies. We demonstrate the total prevalence of N-Ag seroconversion in SARS-CoV-2associated pneumonia patients within 3–5 days after hospital admission. The results indicate high feasibility of SARS-CoV-2 serodiagnostics in emergency patients.
VIEWS 202
The association between levels of trace elements, endocrine diseases and reproductive impairments is actively investigated currently. In this connection, it seems relevant to study elemental status (elemental composition of blood and amounts of elements therein) of infertile patients enlisted in programs employing assisted reproductive technologies (ART). This study aimed to analyze trace elements in blood of infertile patients, relationship between the level of such trace elements and parameters of the ART programs they are in. The study included 30 infertile patients aged 18–39 years. Relying on inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, we identified concentrations of 31 chemical element in blood of the participants. Two elements out of 31 (antimony and beryllium) were not found in any blood sample; 10 elements (titanium, chromium, cobalt, nickel, arsenic, mercury, barium, gold, vanadium) were detected in some blood samples, the remaining 19 elements were found in all samples. Age of the patients correlated negatively with the level of silicon (r = –0.384; p = 0.036) and positively with the level of molybdenum (r = 0.384; p = 0.036). The level of anti-mullerian hormone was in a significant negative correlation with the level of lithium (r = –0.367; p = 0.046). The level of free thyroxine was in a significant negative correlation with the level of boron (r = –0.402; p = 0.028) and a positively correlated with the levels of iron (r = 0.410; p = 0.024) and silver (r = 0.432; p = 0.017). Considering the embryological cycle, we noted a positive correlation between the level of silicon and the number of blastocysts obtained (r = 0.387; p = 0.034). There was no statistical relationship registered between elemental composition of blood the frequency of pregnancy in ART cycles.
VIEWS 162
An imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species and their neutralization lies at the core of oxidative stress implicated in ischemic stroke (IS) and the subsequent brain tissue damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of common polymorphic variants of the glutamate cysteine ligase catalytic subunit gene on the extent of brain damage and clinical manifestations in patients with ischemic stroke. A total of 589 ischemic stroke survivors were genotyped for 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the GCLC gene, including rs12524494, rs17883901, rs606548, rs636933, rs648595 and rs761142, using a MassARRAY-4 analyzer. The study found that genotypes rs636933-G/A-A/A (р = 0.009) and rs761142-A/C-C/C (р = 0.015) were associated with an enlargement of the cerebral lesion size. Genotypes rs12524494-G/G (р = 0.05) and rs606548-T/T (р = 0.003) were associated with a risk of 2 or more IS episodes. Genotype rs17883901-G/A was associated with early onset of IS (р = 0.004). The study revealed multiple associations of GCLC SNPs with the clinical manifestations of ischemic stroke. Thus, GCLC polymorphisms are important DNA markers affecting the size of the cerebral lesion in patients with ischemic stroke and are associated with age at onset, the number of past strokes and the clinical manifestations of the disease.
VIEWS 136