Quality of life in stroke patients in residual stroke period and its determinants

Molchanova EE1, Polunina VV2, Polyaev BA2, Plotnikov VP2, Lobov AN2, Parastaev SA2
About authors

1 Amur State Medical Academy, Blagoveshchensk, Russia

2 Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed: Elena E. Molchanova
Gorkogo, 95, Blagoveshchensk, 675000; ur.liam@kodneleh

About paper

Compliance with ethical standards: the study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Amur State Medical Academy (Protocol № 10 dated November 20, 2019); the study conformed with the guidelines for the medical research involving human subjects. Voluntary informed consent was obtained from all the participants.

Author contribution: Molchanova EE — study design; data acquisition and analysis; manuscript preparation; Polunina VV, Polyaev BA, Plotnikov VP, Lobov AN, Parastaev SA — study concept and manuscript preparation. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Received: 2020-10-20 Accepted: 2020-11-19 Published online: 2020-12-05

Stroke remains one of the leading causes of disability; therefore, it is important to investigate factors that might affect the quality of life of stroke patients and refine rehabilitation technologies for better functional gains. The aim of this paper was to study possible factors that determine the quality of life in the residual ischemic stroke period. The MOS SF-36 health survey was completed by 210 patients undergoing early rehabilitation at a stroke care unit. The study revealed a significant decline in some quality of life indicators correlated with advancing age and severity of the condition (correlation coefficient –0.5; р < 0.01). Both physical and mental component summary scores were lower in women than in men (p < 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively). High scores on the majority of the applied subscales were observed in the patients with a vertebrobasilar stroke, as compared with those who had suffered a carotid stroke (p < 0.05). The early rehabilitation regimen complemented with acupuncture in the acute stroke period and the subsequent rehabilitation program at the Rehabilitation Hospital significantly contributed (р < 0.05) to improving the quality of life of stroke patients in the residual stroke period.