Comparative assessment of stillbirth rate in Bryansk region, EU and CIS countries (1995–2014)

Korsakov AV1, Hoffmann V2, Pugach LI1, Lagerev DG1, Korolik VV3, Bulatseva MB3
About authors

1 Bryansk State Technical University, Bryansk

2 University of Greifswald, Institute for Community Medicine, Section Epidemiology of Health Care and Community Health, Greifswald, Germany

3 Hygiene Department, Pediatric Faculty, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow

About paper

Funding: the study is a deliverable under the state assignment 19.9992.2017/5.2 in the context of the international research and educational cooperation between the Ministry of Education and Science and DAAD, part of the Mikhail Lomonosov program.

Received: 2018-06-15 Accepted: 2018-07-21 Published online: 2018-10-02

Stillbirth rate is one of the most important indicators allowing assessment of the population's living standards and forecasting its growth rate. This study aimed to compare the frequency of stillbirths in the Bryansk region, EU and CIS countries based on the official statistical data covering the period from 1995 to 2014. It was established that male stillbirth rate is greater than female stillbirth rate both in the Bryansk region and the Russian Federation (by 14.2% and 9%, respectively), which is consistent with the worldwide trend that has the male stillbirth risk 10% higher than that for girls. Provided the dynamics remain the same, 2016 to 2021 the share of stillbirths in the Bryansk region will continue to grow and reach 28.8% by 2021, which is greater than nationwide. The gender distribution will also grow to 32.6% (male stillbirths more common than female) by 2021.

Keywords: stillbirths, boys, girls, Bryansk region, Russian Federation, European Union, Commonwealth of Independent States, World Health Organization