Analysis of osseous tissue temperature during preparation of recipient bed for cylindrical implants
In the early 21st century, robot-assisted dental implant surgery became a popular alternative to classic implant placement protocols. Postoperative complications are often provoked by poor compliance with surgical guidelines for implant placement, resulting in the overheating of the osteotomy site. The aim of this study was to measure the temperature of osseous tissue at the dental implant site during classic and robot-assisted dental implant placement performed at different cooling modes. Avital skeletonized mandibles of Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs were used as an experimental model. The recipient bed was prepared following the classic surgical protocol. Three cooling modes were tested: no irrigation, irrigation with sterile saline at 25–30 ml/min and standard 75 ml/min irrigation recommended by the standard surgical protocol. The temperature of the isotonic solution was 25 °С. The study showed that both classic and robot-assisted dental implant placement techniques are safe if there is sufficient irrigation and good compliance with the surgical protocol.
Keywords: robot-assisted system, bone heating, dental implant placement