Analysis of associations of polymorphisms in the genes coding for L4, IL10, IL13 with the development of atopic bronchial asthma and its remission
Bronchial asthma is a multifactorial disease underpinned by chronic inflammation. The atopic phenotype of BA implies the presence of similar molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis between the patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the associations between the development of atopic BA/its remission and the following polymorphisms of interleukin genes: IL4 (rs2243250; C-589T), IL10 (rs1800896; G-1082A; rs1800872; C-592A), and IL13 (rs20541; Arg130Gln). Using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR), we studied the listed SNPs in the mixed urban sample of patients with BA (n = 53) and the controls (n = 30) residing in South Ural. The analysis revealed that genotype АА of IL10 (rs1800872) occurred more frequently in the control group (23.3%) than in the patients with atopic BA (5.7%) (OR = 0.197; 95% CI [0.047–0.832]; р = 0.031). No differences in genotype frequencies were observed between the patients with atopic BA and the controls for other studied polymorphisms. Our study failed to demonstrate the association of the listed polymorphisms and BA remission.