CDKN2B-AS1 gene polymorphism is associated with primary open-angle glaucoma in women of the Central Black Earth Region, Russia
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a complex disorder. Genetic factors play a vital part in POAG. The prevalence of POAG is gender-specific: the disorder is more often diagnosed in women. Results of the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) strongly support the association of CDKN2B-AS1 gene polymorphism with POAG. The aim was to perform the replicative study of CDKN2B-AS1 gene polymorphic loci association with POAG in women of the Central Black Earth Region, Russia. Five CDKN2B-AS1 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), rs1063192, rs7865618, rs2157719, rs944800, and rs4977756, were genotyped in 290 female patients with POAG and 220 female controls. The differences in the haplotype block structure between the POAG patients (no haplotype blocks) and the controls (haplotype block consisting of three SNPs, rs1063192, rs7865618 and rs2157719, was detected) for the set of studied CDKN2B-AS1 SNPs were revealed using the Solid Spine algorithm (D’ > 0.8). CDKN2B-AS1 gene haplotype GGG rs1063192–rs7865618–rs2157719 is associated with POAG in women. This haplotype is considered a protective factor of the disorder (OR = 0.66; p = 0.006, рperm = 0.037).