Development and characterization of a vector system based on the simian adenovirus type 25
Technological versatility and the humoral and cellular immune response induction capacity have conditioned wide spread of adenoviral vectors as vaccine and gene therapy drugs. However, vaccination with Sputnik V made a significant portion of the population immune to the types 5 and 26 (Ad5 and Ad26) recombinant human adenovirus vectors, which are some of the most frequently used bases for candidate vaccines. Today, vaccine designers tend to select alternative adenovirus serotypes as platforms to develop vaccines against new pathogens on. A good example is simian adenovirus type 25 (SAd25), which belongs to subgroup E. It is genetically distant from Ad5 and exhibits extremely low seroprevalence in human beings, which makes it an appealing alternative vaccine vector. The purpose of this work was to design and study a new vaccine platform based on simian adenovirus type 25. We relied on the advanced methods of molecular biology and virology to construct and make recombinant adenoviruses; the phylogenetic analysis in the context of this study was enabled with bioinformatic methods. The resulting recombinant adenoviral vector can effectively replicate itself in the HEK293 cell line (human embryonic kidney cells). This work substantiates the expediency of further investigation into the SAd25 vector as a platform for development of the prevention vaccines against various infectious diseases.
Keywords: adenovirus vector, vaccine platform, recombinant adenovirus, simian adenovirus type 25