Selective changes in expression of integrin α-subunits in the intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells under conditions of hypoxia and microcirculation
Intestinal epithelial cells are constantly exposed to physiologically hypoxic environment. The further reduction of tissue oxygen delivery may result in the intestinal epithelial cells function impairment, being a sign of active inflammation. The cultivation conditions are important when performing in vitro studies, since those may affect the cells’ properties. The study was aimed to assess the integrin receptor expression in the human colon adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cell line when simulating both hypoxic condition using the cobalt chloride and microcirculation. Transcriptome analysis revealed the significantly increased expression of the integrin receptors ITGA2 and ITGA5 α2- and α5-subunit genes under hypoxic conditions, as well as the reduction of ITGA5 during incubation in the microfluidic chip. The expression of β-subunits did not change. Analysis of microRNA transcriptomes revealed the decreased expression of hsa-miR-766-3p and hsa-miR-23b-5p microRNA. One of the validated targets for both microRNAs is mRNA of gene ITGA5. It has been shown that microcirculation makes it possible to bring the intestinal epithelial cells cultivation conditions closer to physiological conditions. The possible biological significance of the detected integrin expression profile alterations and the role of microcirculation have been discussed.